Treatment

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  • Skin Treatment
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  • Hair Treatment
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  • Women Releted Disorders
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  • Rheumatic Treatment
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  • Endocrine Diseases
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  • Respiratory Treatment
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  • Children Related Disorders
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Skin Treatment

The homoeopathic approach for skin problems is the constitutional approach where the patient answers a list of questions, based on which the analysis and evaluation of the case is done and a proper constitutional medicine is selected. As homoeopathy believes we need to treat the man in disease and not the disease in man. Homoeopathy also don't believe in treating the skin disorders by local ointments and creams, rather it prefers the oral medicines which go deep into the system and cure from within.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following skin problems:

  • Urticaria
  • Warts
  • Vitiligo
  • Acne
  • Psoriasis

Urticaria

Urticaria also called nettle rash or hives or wheals in common language simply means itching with rash. It is an allergic skin disorder. It refers to a group of disorders affecting adults and children, in which red patches and wheals occur in the skin.

Types

  • Allergic urticaria : When an allergen invades or irritates your body, it unleashes chemicals known as histamines. Some people react to a high histamine level by developing the rash we call hives.
  • Non allergic urticaria
  • Acute urticaria : It may be caused by an allergy and can last between several hours and many weeks. The most likely triggers are allergies to pets, horses, latex and foods, such as shellfish and nuts in adults and eggs and cow's milk in children.
  • Chronic urticaria : It is not usually caused by an allergy. It refers to hives that persists for 6 weeks or more. There are no visual differences between acute and chronic urticaria. The cause is often more difficult to identify. Most cases are called chronic idiopathic urticaria, which means they are caused by the body's unexplained development of antibodies to itself (auto-antibodies or auto-immune).
  • Drug induced urticaria : Certain drugs like anti diabetic sulphonylurea glimepiride (trade name Amaryl), aspirin, penicillin, sulfonamides and anticonvulsants and so on.
  • Physical urticaria : It is triggered by physical factors and lasts only an hour or two and is often categorized into the following :
    1. Aquagenic : Reaction to water.
    2. Cholinergic : Reaction to body heat, such as when exercising or after a hot shower.
    3. Cold (Chronic old urticaria) : Reaction to cold, such as ice, cold air or water.
    4. Delayed pressure : Reaction to standing for long periods, bra straps, elastic bands on undergarments, belts.
    5. Dermatographic : Reaction when skin is scratched.
    6. Heat : Reaction to hot food or objects.
    7. Solar : Reaction to direct sunlight.
    8. Adrenergic : Reaction to adrenalin / noradrenalin.
    9. Vibration : Reaction to vibration.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Wart

A wart is typically a small growth that appears on a person's hands or feet and looks like a solid blister or a small cauliflower. They may also appear on other parts of the body. Warts have a rough texture and are caused by viruses, particularly one of several kinds of HPV (human papillomavirus).

Types of Warts

  • Plantar warts: This type of wart usually appears as flesh-colored or light brown lumps that are flecked with small clotted blood vessels that appear as tiny black dots. Plantar warts appear on the soles of the feet.
  • Genital warts: Genital warts can appear in the pubic area, on the genitals, in or around the anus, and/or in the vagina. They look like small flesh-colored, pink, or red growths. The warts may look similar to the small parts of a cauliflower or they may be very tiny and difficult to see. They often appear in clusters of three or four, and may grow and spread rapidly. They usually are not painful, although they may cause mild pain, bleeding, and itching. HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in North America and certain forms of the virus can cause cervical cancer.
  • Flat warts: This type of wart is more common in teens and children than in adults. Flat warts are smoother, flatter, and smaller than other warts and they generally occur on the face. Flat warts also can appear on the legs, especially among females.

Treatment

  • Freezing: In this treatment, a doctor will use liquid nitrogen to freeze a wart. A blister forms around the wart and the dead tissue falls off within about a week.
  • Cantharidin: This substance, an extract of a blister beetle and applied to the skin, forms a blister around the wart. After cantharidin is applied, the area is covered with a bandage. The blister lifts the wart off the skin so the doctor can remove the dead portion of the wart.
  • Other medications: These include bleomycin, which is injected into a wart to kill a virus, and Aldara, an immunotherapy drug that comes in the form of a prescription cream. Although Aldara is stated for genital warts, it is modestly effective on other types of warts.
  • Minor surgery: When warts cannot be removed by other therapies, surgery may be used to cut away the wart. The base of the wart will be destroyed using an electric needle or by cryosurgery (deep freezing).
  • Laser surgery: This procedure utilizes an intense beam of light (laser) to burn and destroy wart tissue.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a condition in which white patches develop on the skin. Any location on the body can be affected and most people with vitiligo have white patches on many areas of the body.
Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by portions of the skin losing their pigment. It occurs when skin pigment cells die or are unable to function.

Causes of Vitiligo

  • Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin its characteristic color.
  • Vitiligo is caused by a loss of pigment in the skin, due to destruction of pigment-forming cells known as melanocytes.
  • The exact cause of the destruction of these cells is not known.
  • One possible explanation might be that the body's immune system destroys the cells, as in other autoimmune conditions.
  • Although vitiligo affects all races equally, it is more noticeable in dark-skinned people.

Risk Factors for Vitiligo

Vitiligo affects up to 2% of the population, and it is estimated that two to five million Americans have the condition. In most cases, vitiligo develops early in life, between the ages of 10 and 30 years. Ninety-five percent of those affected will develop the disorder before age 40. Both men and women are equally likely to develop vitiligo. Vitiligo may run in families; those with a family history of vitiligo or premature graying of the hair are at increased risk for the development of vitiligo. Other risk factors that increase one's chances of developing vitiligo include having autoimmune diseases, such as autoimmune thyroid disease (Hashimoto's thyroiditis).

Symptoms of Vitiligo

  • Symptoms of vitiligo include an often rapid pigment loss on several areas of the skin.
  • The initial appearance of the white patches can be followed by a stable period without any progression of the condition.
  • Later on, further cycles of pigment loss and stability may be observed.
  • Vitiligo commonly affects areas on the skin that are exposed to sun, body folds (such as armpits), previous sites of injury, areas around moles, or areas around body openings.
  • It is rare for pigment to return once the white patches have developed.
  • Vitiligo can also affect the eyelids and hair.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Vitiligo

  • Your doctor can usually make the diagnosis of vitiligo during a physical exam.
  • There is no known way to prevent or cure vitiligo.
  • However, several methods, including cosmetics , re-pigmentation using UV light therapy, corticosteroid creams, depigmentation of unaffected skin areas, and skin grafting, can be used to improve the appearance of skin severely affected by vitiligo.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Acne

Acne vulgaris (or simply acne) is a long-term skin condition characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and possibly scarring. The resulting appearance may lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem, and in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.

Causes

  • Genetic
  • Hormonal
  • Infectious
  • Lifestyle
  • Psychological

Skin care for people with acne

  • Do not wash more than normal. Twice a day is normal for most people.
  • Use a mild soap and lukewarm water. (Very hot or cold water may worsen acne.)
  • Do not scrub hard when washing acne-affected skin.
  • Do not use abrasive soaps, cleansing granules, astringents, or exfoliating agents.
  • Use a soft washcloth and fingers instead.
  • Excess washing and scrubbing may cause more inflammation and possibly make acne worse.
  • Antiseptic washes may be beneficial.
  • You cannot clean off blackheads.
  • The black tip of a blackhead is actually skin pigment (melanin) and cannot be removed by cleaning or scrubbing.
  • Some topical acne treatments (described below) may dry the skin. If this occurs, use a fragrance-free, water-based moisturising cream.
  • Do not use ointments or oil-rich creams, as these may clog the holes of the skin (pores).

What makes acne worse

  • The progestogen-only contraceptive pill may make acne worse.
  • In women, the hormonal changes around the monthly period may cause a flare-up of spots.
  • Thick or greasy make-up may, possibly, make acne worse. However, most make-up does not affect acne. You can use make-up to cover some mild spots. Non-comedogenic or oil-free products are most helpful for acne-prone skin types.
  • Picking and squeezing the spots may cause further inflammation and scarring.
  • Sweating heavily or humid conditions may make acne worse. For example, doing regular hot work in kitchens. The extra sweat possibly contributes to blocking pores.
  • Spots may develop under tight clothes. For example, under headbands, tight bra straps, tight collars, etc. This may be due to increased sweating and friction under tight clothing.
  • Some medicines can make acne worse. For example, phenytoin (which some people take for epilepsy) and steroid creams and ointments that are used for eczema. Do not stop a prescribed medicine if you suspect it is making your acne worse but tell your doctor. An alternative may be an option.
  • Anabolic steroids (which some bodybuilders take illegally) can make acne worse.
  • It used to be thought that diets high in sugar and milk products made acne worse but research has failed to find evidence to support this.

Alternative medicine

Numerous natural products have been investigated for treating people with acne. Low-quality evidence suggests topical application of tea tree oil or bee venom may reduce the total number of skin lesions in those with acne. There is a lack of high-quality evidence for the use of acupuncture, medicine, and cupping therapy for acne.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales. These patches normally appear on your elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, but can appear anywhere on your body. Most people are only affected with small patches. In some cases, the patches can be itchy or sore.
Normally, skin cells take about 21-28 days to replace themselves. However, in patients with psoriasis they take around 2-6 days.

Cause

  • The cause of psoriasis isn't fully known, but it's thought to be related to an immune system problem with cells in your body.
  • Psoriasis is generally thought to be a genetic disease which is triggered by environmental factors.

Risk factors

Anyone can develop psoriasis, but these factors can increase your risk of developing the disease:

  • Family history - Perhaps the most significant risk factor for psoriasis is having a family history of the disease. Having one parent with psoriasis increases your risk of getting the disease, and having two parents with psoriasis increases your risk even more.
  • Viral and bacterial infections - People with HIV are more likely to develop psoriasis than people with healthy immune systems are. Children and young adults with recurring infections, particularly strep throat, also may be at increased risk.
  • Stress - Because stress can impact your immune system, high stress levels may increase your risk of psoriasis.
  • Obesity Excess weight increases the risk of psoriasis. Plaques associated with all types of psoriasis often develop in skin creases and folds.
  • Smoking - Smoking tobacco not only increases your risk of psoriasis but also may increase the severity of the disease. Smoking may also play a role in the initial development of the disease.

Symptoms

These may vary from person to person and may include :

  • Red patches of skin covered with silvery scales.
  • Small scaling spots (seen in children).
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed.
  • Blisters with pus.
  • Fever in pustular psoriasis.
  • Itching, burning, soreness.
  • Thickened, pitted or ridged nails.
  • Joint pain from psoriatic arthritis, in some people
  • Discomfort and insomnia due to itching.
  • Low self esteem and embarrassment because of one's looks.
  • Social isolation.
  • Suicidal thoughts.

Types

1.  Plaque psoriasis

Most common form; also known as psoriasis vulgaris. It may occur anywhere on the body, including the genitals and soft tissues inside the mouth.

2.  Nail psoriasis

About 50% of persons with active psoriasis have psoriatic changes in fingernails and/or toenails. Nail plate is deeply pitted; nail has a yellow to yellow-pink discoloration; white areas appear under the nail plate; nail plate crumbles in yellowish patches; and the nail may be entirely lost.

3.  Scalp psoriasis

Psoriasis can appear on the scalp without skin changes on the rest of the body. Hair may fall out.

4.  Guttate psoriasis

This cultivates in children and young adults following a throat (strepto) infection. It materializes as small dot sized red spots on the chest, arms and legs.

5.  Inverse psoriasis

Mainly affecting the skin in the armpits, groin, under the breasts and around the genitals. More common in overweight people and is worsened by friction and sweating.

6. Pustular psoriasis

This appears as tender areas of fiery red skin with white pus filled blisters mainly on palms and soles. It can also cause fever, chills, severe itching, weight loss and fatigue.

7.  Erythrodermic psoriasis

It can cover the entire body with a red, peeling rash that can itch or burn intensely. This can be life threatening because the skin loses its defensive function and may not be able to safeguard against heat and fluid loss nor preclude harmful bacteria from entering the body.

Diagnosis

Psoriasis is usually diagnosed by the typical appearance of the rash. No tests are usually needed. Occasionally, a biopsy (small sample) of skin is taken to be looked at under the microscope if there is doubt about the diagnosis.

Allopathic Treatment

There is no cure for psoriasis. However, various treatments can help control the symptoms. These treatments may include steroid creams, vitamin D3 cream, ultraviolet light, and immune system suppressing medications such as methotrexate.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Hair Treatment

Hair loss is one of the most common problems faced by people across the globe. Most of us dread the thought of breaking endless hair strands each time we comb or brush. With the winter season setting in, dandruff problems go up, as the scalp gets dry, further aggravating hair loss in most people. If you love your hair, like I do, I am sure you must have tried every possible way of preventing hair loss.

  • Alopecia

Alopecia

The partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows; baldness.

Classification

  • Commonly, alopecia areata involves hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp.
  • Hair may also be lost more diffusely over the whole scalp, in which case the condition is called diffuse alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia areata monolocularis describes baldness in only one spot. It may occur anywhere on the head.
  • Alopecia areata multilocularis refers to multiple areas of hair loss.
  • Ophiasis refers to hair loss in the shape of a wave at the circumference of the head.
  • The disease may be limited only to the beard, in which case it is called alopecia areata barbae.
  • If the patient loses all the hair on the scalp, the disease is then called alopecia totalis.
  • If all body hair, including pubic hair, is lost, the diagnosis then becomes alopecia universalis.
  • Alopecia areata totalis and universalis are rare.

Signs and symptoms

Typical first symptoms of AA are small bald patches. The underlying skin is unscarred and looks superficially normal. These patches can take many shapes, but are most usually round or oval. AA most often affects the scalp and beard, but may occur on any hair-bearing part of the body. Different skin areas can exhibit hair loss and regrowth at the same time. The disease may also go into remission for a time, or may be permanent. It is common in children. The area of hair loss may tingle or be painful. The hair tends to fall out over a short period of time, with the loss commonly occurring more on one side of the scalp than the other.
Exclamation point hairs, narrower along the length of the strand closer to the base, producing a characteristic "exclamation point" appearance, are often present.
When healthy hair is pulled out, at most a few should come out, and ripped hair should not be distributed evenly across the tugged portion of the scalp. In cases of AA, hair will tend to pull out more easily along the edge of the patch where the follicles are already being attacked by the body's immune system than away from the patch where they are still healthy. Nails may have pitting or trachyonychia.

Diagnosis

Alopecia areata is usually diagnosed based on clinical features. Trichoscopy may aid differential diagnosis. In AA, trichoscopy shows regularly distributed "yellow dots" (hyperkeratotic plugs), small exclamation-mark hairs, and "black dots" (destroyed hairs in the hair follicle opening).
A biopsy is rarely needed in AA. Histologic findings include peribulbar lymphocytic infiltrate ("swarm of bees"). Occasionally, in inactive AA, no inflammatory infiltrates are found. Other helpful findings include pigment incontinence in the hair bulb and follicular stelae, and a shift in the anagen-to-telogen ratio towards telogen.

Causes

Alopecia areata is not contagious. It occurs more frequently in people who have affected family members, suggesting heredity may be a factor. Strong evidence of genetic association with increased risk for AA was found by studying families with two or more affected members. This study identified at least four regions in the genome that are likely to contain these genes. In addition, it is slightly more likely to occur in people who have relatives with autoimmune diseases.
The condition is thought to be a systemic autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own anagen hair follicles and suppresses or stops hair growth. For example, T cell lymphocytes cluster around affected follicles, causing inflammation and subsequent hair loss. A few cases of babies being born with congenital AA have been reported, but these are not cases of autoimmune disease, because an infant is born without a definitely developed immune system. Endogenous retinoids metabolic defect is a key part of the pathogenesis of the AA.
In 2010, a genome-wide association study was completed that identified 129 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) that were associated with alopecia areata. The genes that were identified include regulatory T cells, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, interleukin-2, interleukin-2 receptor A, Eos, cytomegalovirus UL16-binding protein, and the human leukocyte antigen region. The study also identified two genes, PRDX5 and STX17, that are expressed in the hair follicle.
Also, some evidence indicates AA affects the part of the hair follicle associated with hair color. Hair that has turned gray may not be affected.

Treatment

If the affected region is small, it is reasonable to only observe the progression of the illness, as the problem often spontaneously regresses and the hair may grow back.
In cases of severe hair loss, limited success has been shown from treating AA with the corticosteroids clobetasol or fluocinonide, corticosteroid injections, or cream. The cream however is not as effective and it takes longer in order to see results. Steroid injections are commonly used in sites where the areas of hair loss on the head are small or especially where eyebrow hair has been lost. Whether they are effective is uncertain. Some other medications used are minoxidil, Elocon (mometasone) ointment (steroid cream), irritants (anthralin or topical coal tar), and topical immunotherapy cyclosporin, sometimes in different combinations. Topical corticosteroids frequently fail to enter the skin deeply enough to affect the hair bulbs, which are the treatment target, and small lesions typically also regrow spontaneously. Oral corticosteroids decrease the hair loss, but only for the period during which they are taken, and these drugs have serious adverse side effects.

Alopecia areata

Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles , which is where hair growth begins. The damage to the follicle is usually not permanent. Experts do not know why the immune system attacks the follicles. Alopecia areata is most common in people younger than 20, but children and adults of any age may be affected. Women and men are affected equally.

Sing and symptoms

Alopecia areata usually begins when clumps of hair fall out, resulting in totally smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp. In some cases the hair may become thinner without noticeable patches of baldness, or it may grow and break off, leaving short stubs (called "exclamation point" hair). In rare cases, complete loss of scalp hair and body hair occurs. The hair loss often comes and goes—hair will grow back over several months in one area but will fall out in another area.

When alopecia areata results in patches of hair loss, the hair usually grows back in a few months.1 Although the new hair is usually the same color and texture as the rest of the hair, it sometimes is fine and white.
About 10% of people with this condition may never regrow hair. You are more likely to have permanent hair loss if you:

  • Have a family history of the condition.
  • Have the condition at a young age (before puberty) or for longer than 1 year.
  • Have another autoimmune disease.
  • Are prone to allergies (atopy).
  • Have extensive hair loss.
  • Have abnormal color, shape, texture, or thickness of the fingernails or toenails.

Because hair is an important part of appearance, hair loss can result in feeling unattractive. In some people with alopecia areata, the fingernails and toenails become pitted—they look as if a pin had made many tiny dents in them. They may also look like sandpaper. Alopecia areata cannot be "cured" but it can be treated. Most people who have one episode will have more episodes of hair loss.

Diagnosis

Alopecia areata is diagnosed through a medical history and physical examination. Your doctor will ask you questions about your hair loss, look at the pattern of your hair loss, and examine your scalp. And he or she may tug gently on a few hairs or pull some out.
If the reason for your hair loss is not clear, your doctor may do tests to check for a disease that could be causing your hair loss. Tests include:

  • Hair analysis. Your doctor will take a sample of your hair and examine it under a microscope. A scalp sample is also sometimes taken.
  • Blood tests, including testing for a specific condition, such as an overactive or underactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism).

Allopathic Management

Because hair usually grows back within a year, you may decide not to treat alopecia areata.
If you choose not to treat the condition and wait for your hair to grow back, you may wish to:

Wear hairpieces. Hairpieces are made from human or synthetic hair that is implanted into a nylon netting. Hairpieces may be attached to the scalp with glue, metal clips, or tape. But hair weaving, which involves sewing or braiding pieces of longer hair into existing hair, is not recommended because it may cause permanent hair loss. Use certain hair care products and styling techniques. Hair care products or perms may make hair appear thicker. Dyes may be used to color the scalp. But continual use of perms or dyes may result in more hair loss.

Aloe Vera for Alopecia Areata

Several people have been known to use Aloe Vera for alopecia areata, instead of using traditional medication. This plant contains many active ingredients that strengthen the hair follicles, roots and shafts. In case you decide to use this remedy, make sure that you apply pure Aloe Vera gel on to your scalp. You could apply the gel up to twice a day.
Home remedies can be used to speed up the healing process; however, it is best to follow the treatment plan that your doctor recommends.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Women Related Disorders

Homoeopathy can offer good health to women in all stages of their lives from infancy through old age. It is beneficial for the full range of emotional, mental and physical problems that a woman is likely to experience, and can help her through the transitional and developmental milestones of her life.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following skin problems:

  • Uterine fibroids
  • PCOD
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Infertility in female

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids, clinically known as uterine leiomyomata, are common, non-cancerous growths in the uterus. These fibroids are made up of groups of muscle cells and other tissues, and can range in size from as small as a pea to as large as 5 to 6 inches (12.7 to 15.24 centimeters) wide. Fibroids can be found inside the uterine cavity (known as submucosal), on the wall of the uterus (intramural) or the outside of the uterus (subserosal).

Uterine fibroids or myomas are extremely common occuring in 20 to 25% of women by age of 40 and 50% of women in general and are the most common cause of major surgery in women. They usually develop in women between 30 and 50 years of age.

Causes

  • No one knows what exactly causes fibroids but their growth appears to depend on increases estrogen hormone levels.
  • Because of this fibroids enlarge during estrogen (hormonal) replacement therapy and pregnancy.
  • Also oral contraceptives are know to cause them.

Symptoms

  • Patients may not have any symptoms and doctor discovering the uterine fibroids on physical examination or ultrasonography.
  • Excessive, heavy, irregular or prolonged bleeding.
  • Uterine heaviness.
  • Pain in lower abdomen in general.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.
  • Bloating.
  • Infertility.
  • Abdominal lump.
  • Urinary frequency.
  • Bowel pressure with constant urging for stool.

Complications

  • Anemia due to excessive heavy bleeding.
  • Interference with growth of fetus during pregnancy.
  • Could cause problem during delivery.
  • Severe bleeding or infection.

Diagnosis

  • Ultrasound of lower abdomen.

Surgical Treatments for Fibroids

Gynecologists perform hysterectomy and myomectomy surgery. Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and is considered major abdominal surgery. It requires three to four days of hospitalization and the average recovery period is six weeks.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

PCOD

PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease) is one of the commonest causes of infertility. Patients have multiple small cysts in their ovaries that occur when the regular changes of a normal menstrual cycle are disrupted. The ovary is enlarged; and it produces excessive amounts of androgen and estrogenic hormones. This condition is also called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or the Stein-Leventhal Syndrome.

Symptoms of PCOS

Symptoms of PCOS typically start soon after a woman begins to menstruate. The type and severity of symptoms varies from person to person. The most common characteristic of PCOS is irregular menstrual periods.
Because PCOS is marked by a decrease in female sex hormones, this condition may cause women to develop certain male characteristics, such as:

  • excess hair on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes
  • decrease in breast size
  • deeper voice
  • thin hair

Other symptoms include

  • acne
  • weight gain
  • pelvic pain
  • anxiety or depression
  • infertility

While not symptoms of the disease, many women with PCOS have other concurrent health problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol. These are linked to the weight gain typical in PCOS patients.

Diagnosis

There is no definitive test for PCOS. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will review your medical history and symptoms and perform tests to rule out other possible conditions. Your doctor will perform a physical and pelvic examination to look for signs of PCOS, such as swollen ovaries or a swollen clitoris.
Blood tests to measure hormone levels are typically ordered, as well as:

  • thyroid function tests to determine how much of the thyroid hormone your body produces
  • fasting glucose tests to measure your blood sugar levels
  • lipid level tests to assess the amount of cholesterol in your blood

A vaginal ultrasound allows your gynecologist to create real time images of your reproductive organs. A pelvic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which your doctor makes a small incision in your abdomen and inserts a tiny camera to check for growths on your ovaries. If growths are present, your doctor may take a small tissue sample (biopsy) for further examination.

Causes of polycystic ovary syndrome

The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is unknown, but it's thought to be related to abnormal hormone levels. Resistance to insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control the amount of sugar in the blood. It helps move glucose from blood into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy.
Insulin resistance means the body's tissues are resistant to the effects of insulin. The body therefore has to produce extra insulin to compensate.
High levels of insulin cause the ovaries to produce too much testosterone hormone, which interferes with the development of the follicles (the sacs in the ovaries where eggs develop) and prevents normal ovulation.
Insulin resistance can also lead to weight gain, which can make PCOS symptoms worse because having excess fat causes the body to produce even more insulin.

Hormone imbalance

Many women with PCOS are found to have an imbalance in certain hormones, including:

  • Raised levels of testosterone - a hormone often thought of as a male hormone, although all women normally produce small amount of it.
  • Raised levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) – a hormone that stimulates ovulation, but may have an abnormal effect on the ovaries if levels are too high.
  • Low levels of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) – a hormone that helps reduce the effect of testosterone.
  • Raised levels of prolactin (only in some women with PCOS) – a hormone that stimulates the breast glands to produce milk in pregnancy.

The exact reason why these hormonal changes occur is not known. It's been suggested that the problem may start in the ovary itself, in other glands that produce these hormones, or part of the brain that controls their production. The changes may also be caused by the resistance to insulin.

Treatment

Treatment for PCOS is not curative. Treatment focuses on controlling symptoms and managing the condition to prevent complications. The treatment will vary from woman to woman, depending on specific symptoms.
A healthy diet and regular exercise is recommended for all women with PCOS, particularly those who are overweight. This can help to regulate your menstrual cycle and lower your blood glucose levels.
Women who don't want to become pregnant may be prescribed birth control pills. These can help treat acne, regulate the menstrual cycle, and lower levels of male hormones, such as testosterone, in the body. If a woman with PCOS is suffering from infertility, fertility drugs may be administered to aid in ovulation.
Anti-androgens are drugs that reduce male hormone levels. These can help stop excess hair growth and reduce acne. Diabetes medications may also be prescribed to lower blood glucose and testosterone levels.
Surgery may be recommended for some women with PCOS. Ovarian drilling is a procedure in which your doctor punctures your ovary with a small needle that carries an electric current, in order to destroy part of the ovary. This is a short-term solution that can promote ovulation and reduce male hormone levels.

Complications

Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing:

  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • high cholesterol
  • anxiety and depression
  • sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing periodically during sleep) endometrial cancer (cancer caused by thickening of the lining of the uterus)
  • heart attack
  • diabetes
  • breast cancer

If you become pregnant, your doctor may refer you to a doctor who specializes in high-risk pregnancies. Women with PCOS have a higher rate of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, and premature delivery. They may need extra monitoring during pregnancy.
The earlier your PCOS is diagnosed and treated, the lower your risk of developing these complications. Avoiding tobacco products and participating in regular exercise can also reduce your risk of some of these comorbidities. Talk with your doctor about what PCOS means for your overall health and how you can prevent serious complications.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains, are painful sensations felt in the lower abdomen that can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. The pain ranges from dull and annoying to severe and extreme. Menstrual cramps tend to begin after an egg is released from the ovaries and travels down the fallopian tube (ovulation).

Types and Causes

There are two primary types of these difficult or painful periods - primary and secondary dysmenorrhea:

  • Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type and is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back pain beginning 1-2 days before the period and lasting from 2-4 days. There is no underlying problem that is causing the pain
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea is characterized by cramping pains that are due to an identifiable medical problem such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Symptoms

Symptoms of menstrual cramps include:

  • Dull, throbbing, cramping pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain in the lower back and thighs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Loose stools
  • Constipation
  • Bloating in the belly area
  • Headaches
  • Lightheadedness - feeling faint

Diagnosis

Most women are able to identify menstrual cramps without the help of a physician. In cases of extreme pain or when underlying conditions may be contributing to the pain, a doctor may order images of the abdominal area, uterus, cervix, vagina, and fallopian tubes. These may include:

  • Ultrasound
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy

Treatments

  • Over-the-counter medication is available to treat most cases of menstrual cramps.
  • Menstrual cramps that are due to underlying medical conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids may require surgery to remove the abnormal tissue. Surgery may help to reduce some menstrual cramp symptoms but carries additional risks.

Additional treatments that have been suggested to relieve menstrual cramp pain include:

  • Soaking in a hot bath
  • Using a heating pad on your lower abdomen
  • Yoga
  • Massages
  • Meditation
  • Acupuncture
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
  • Dietary supplements (such as vitamin E, thiamin and omega-3).
  • Women with menstrual cramps should not only get adequate rest and sleep, but also regular exercise.

Prevention

  • Eating fruits and vegetables and limiting intake of fat, alcohol, caffeine, salt, and sweets
  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing stress
  • Quitting smoking
  • Yoga or relaxation therapy
  • Acupuncture or acupressure.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Infertility

Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman can get pregnant but keeps having miscarriages or stillbirths, that's also called infertility.
Infertility is fairly common. After one year of having unprotected sex, about 15 percent of couples are unable to get pregnant. About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman.

In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause can be found.

Types of infertility:

  • Primary infertility refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least 1 year having sex without using birth control methods.
  • Secondary infertility refers to couples who have been able to get pregnant at least once, but now are unable.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for female infertility include:

  • Age- Fertility begins to decline when a woman reaches her mid-30s, and rapidly declines after her late 30s.
  • Weight- Extreme weight levels, either high or low, can contribute to infertility.
  • Smoking- Cigarette smoking can impair a woman's fertility.

Causes

Infertility may be caused by an underlying medical condition that damages the fallopian tubes, interferes with ovulation, or causes hormonal complications. These medical conditions include:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Uterine fibroids

Diagnosis of female infertility

Investigating suspected infertility requires tests for both the woman and her partner. Tests for the woman may include:

  • Physical examination – including medical history
  • Blood tests – to check for the presence of ovulation hormones
  • Laparoscopy – a 'keyhole' surgical procedure in which an instrument is inserted though a small incision in the abdomen so that the reproductive organs can be examined
  • Ultrasound scans – to check for the presence of fibroids.

Her male partner's semen may also be analysed to make sure that he is fertile.

Treatment for female infertility

Treatment options (assisted reproductive technologies, or ART) for female infertility depend on the cause, but may include:

  • Surgery
  • Ovulation induction (using hormone therapy)
  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic approach towards the management of infertility is constitutional, taking into account the presenting complaints along with physical, mental and genetic make-up that individualizes a person. Homoeopathic medicines which act at the roots can recover deviations of the hormonal system back to normalcy and, in many cases, abolish the need for exogenous hormones with their side-effects and complicating surgical procedures. Moreover, with this hormonal harmony, chances of conception increase significantly. Similarly, other causes of infertility like endometriosis and fallopian tube damage have effective remedies in Homoeopathic treatment.

Rheumatic Treatment

Treatment of most rheumatic diseases includes medication for pain and inflammation, and some rheumatic diseases require other, disease-specific medications.
Some medications are used to treat the symptoms being experienced, while others can be used to slow or halt the progression of the disease. Treatment choice is based not only on the specific rheumatic disorder, but on its severity, duration, and prognosis. It is important that any medications used are taken only following a correct diagnosis, as this can alter the how, what, and when of a drug regimen.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following Rheumatic problems:

  • Rheumatoid arthritiss
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout

Rheumatoid arthritiss

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disorder that typically affects the joints of your hands and feet. The symptoms generally surface after 40 years of age and are mostly prevalent among women. However, the condition can affect children as young as 16 years of age and is known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Generally, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling which ultimately results in bone erosion and joint deformity.

Although, no proper treatment exists at present to treat rheumatoid arthritis, doctors usually focus on controlling its symptoms and combat joint pain and damage.

Causes

'Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease where the immune system of a person's body (a system that is supposed to protect the body from foreign bodies) fails to recognise the body's own cells as harmless and attacks them. In this case, it does not recognise the cells of the synovial membranes as its own and thus, launches a defensive action against them. This in turn leads to swelling and pain in the joints, discomfort and general debility.'

Symptoms

Although rheumatoid arthritis primarily targets the joints, it can affect other body parts as well.
The key sign and symptoms of you may experience, if you are suffering from this condition are –

  • Joint pain (along with limiting the function of your joints)
  • Swelling, redness and stiffness of joints
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lack of sleep

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of RA based on the symptoms. There are no specific diagnostic tests to detect rheumatoid arthritis as the early signs and symptoms often mimic other joint diseases. However, in some people these laboratory tests show positive results thereby aiding the diagnosis of RA. These include –

  • Rheumatoid factor (RF) test: This blood test measures the blood levels of rheumatoid antibody. Here are top 6 diseases that can trigger joint pain.
  • Synovial fluid analysis: It involves a group of tests that examine synovial fluid, fluid present between the joints.
  • MRI scan: It is animaging test that uses magnetic waves and thus, aids in the diagnosis of the bone and joint structure.
  • Other blood tests: In some cases, complete blood count, anti-CCP antibody, C-reactive protein and ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) tests are also recommended.
  • X-rays and CT scan: In this, radiations are used to diagnose inflammation in the joints and thus, confirm rheumatoid arthritis. Read about CT scans:

Allopathic Treatment and Management

There is no known cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But with the help of oral medications, you can effectively relieve the symptoms and prevent its progression. The commonly prescribed medications to treat rheumatoid arthritis include –

  • Painkillers and steroids: They are used to treat the symptoms of RA such as pain and swelling of joints and reduce inflammation.
  • DMARDs (disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs): These help suppress the underlying inflammatory disease.
  • Biologic drugs: They are the newest and most advanced treatment options so far that work by targeting inflammatory proteins. Read about medicines for arthritis – use, side-effects, interactions and precautions.

Natural Management:

Additionally, in some cases, reversing rheumatoid arthritis could be possible through proper nutrition, yoga and pranayama.

  • Diet and nutrition: With the help of proper diet and nutrition (omega-3 fatty acids), you can strengthen the immune system thereby reducing the symptoms of RA. Read about 9 super foods to fight arthritis.
  • Yoga: Yoga can keep the joints supple and flexible thereby aiding in reliving joint pain and swelling and thus, helping your bones to stay healthy. Read about 6 yoga asanas to relieve joint pain.
  • Pranayama: It helps in the efficient release of toxins from the body, thereby reducing pain.

Complications

The health complications of RA depend upon the part of the body affected. The common problems that might occur, if RA is left untreated include –

  • Spinal injury
  • Damage of the lung tissue
  • Inflammation of heart tissue leading to congestive heart failure Increased risk of arterial blockage

Prevention

Although RA cannot be prevented, you can lower your risk of being affected by the condition by

  • Avoiding tobacco or cigarette smoking
  • Regular check-ups of joints and bones
  • Leading an active lifestyle (with regular exercise)
  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet
  • Lower your salt intake
  • Avoid stress (especially after 50)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in your joints. Some people find that one way to relieve their joint pain is to make changes in their diet.

Anti-Inflammatory Diet

While there is no specific "diet" that people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), should follow, researchers have identified certain foods that can help control inflammation. Many of them are found in the so-called Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fish, vegetables and olive oil, among other staples.

Break out the Beans

Beans have several antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds. They're a low-cost source of fiber, protein, folic acid and minerals such as magnesium, iron, zinc and potassium.

Eat Your Fruits and Veggies

Fruits and vegetables are packed with antioxidants, which support the immune system – the body's natural defense system – and may help fight inflammation. How much: At least 1½ to 2 cups of fruit and 2 to 3 cups of veggies per meal Best sources: Colorful foods such as blueberries, blackberries, cherries, strawberries, spinach, kale and broccoli

Get Fishy

Certain types of fish are rich in inflammation-fighting omega-3 fatty acids, which reduce C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6, two inflammatory proteins in your body. How much: At least 3 to 4 ounces, twice a week Best sources: Salmon, tuna, sardines, anchovies and other cold-water fish

Try a Handful of Nuts or Seeds

Nuts are full of inflammation-fighting monounsaturated fat, protein and filling fiber, too – a bonus if you're trying to lose a few pounds. How much: Eat 1.5 ounces of nuts daily (about a handful) Best sources: Walnuts, pine nuts, pistachios and almonds

Pour on the Olive Oil

Olive oil contains heart-healthy monounsaturated fat, antioxidants and oleocanthal, a compound that can lower inflammation and pain. How much: Two to three tablespoons per day for cooking or in salad dressings or other dishes Best sources: Extra virgin olive oil is less refined and processed. It retains more nutrients than standard varieties

Peel Some Onions

Onions are packed with beneficial antioxidants. They may also reduce inflammation, heart disease risk and LDL, or "bad" cholesterol. Try them sautéed, grilled or raw in salads, stir-fries, whole-wheat pasta dishes or sandwiches.

Nightshades or Not?

Nightshade vegetables – eggplant, tomatoes, peppers and potatoes – are central to Mediterranean cuisine. Some people believe they trigger arthritis flares, but there's limited scientific evidence to support this theory. Try cutting nightshades from your diet for two weeks to see if symptoms improve.

Fill up on Fiber

Fiber lowers C-reactive protein (CRP), a substance in the blood that indicates inflammation. Getting fiber from foods lowers CRP levels more than taking fiber supplements. Foods that have carotenoids, the antioxidants that give carrots, peppers and some fruits their color, are quite good at lowering CRP.

Avoid Processed Food

Processed foods such as cookies, chips and other snacks can be high in unhealthy fats, which are linked with inflammation. Opt for fresh fruit instead. Canned goods – vegetables and soups – are often high in sodium, which boosts blood pressure. Look for low sodium options, or go with fresh or frozen vegetables.

Cut the Salt

There are conflicting reports about just how bad excess salt is for us. We know it causes fluid retention – one of many factors that can lead to high blood pressure. Also, corticosteroids, often used to treat RA, can cause the body to retain more sodium. So play it safe and hold the salt when possible.

Drink in Moderation

Resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, may have anti-inflammatory effects. However, people with RA should limit alcoholic drinks – especially when they are taking medications like methotrexate. Your doctor can let you know what amount of alcohol, if any, is appropriate for you.

Fill Your Plate

The Food Pyramid many of us grew up with has been replaced with a colorful plate that emphasizes proper proportions. One important message: Fill half your plate with vegetables.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is not a single disease but rather the end result of a variety of disorders leading to the structural or functional failure of one or more of your joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of chronic joint pain, Osteoarthritis involves the entire joint, including the nearby muscles, underlying bone, ligaments, joint lining (synovium), and the joint cover (capsule).

Symptoms

  • Joint pain and stiffness
  • Knobby swelling at the joint
  • Cracking or grinding noise with joint movement
  • Decreased function of the joint

Osteoarthritis Causes

The causes of osteoarthritis include the following:

  • Endocrine: People with diabetes may be prone to osteoarthritis. Other endocrine problems also may promote osteoarthritis development, including acromegaly, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, and obesity.
  • Posttraumatic: Traumatic causes can be further divided into macrotrauma or microtrauma. An example of macrotrauma is an injury to the joint such as a bone break, causing the bones to line up improperly (malalignment), lose stability, or damage cartilage. Microtrauma may occur over time (chronically). An example of this would be repetitive movements or the overuse noted in several occupations.
  • Inflammatory joint diseases: This category would include infected joints, chronic gout, and rheumatoid disease.
  • Metabolic: Diseases causing errors of metabolism may cause osteoarthritis. Examples include Paget's disease and Wilson disease.
  • Congenital or developmental: Abnormal anatomy such as unequal leg length may be a cause of osteoarthritis.
  • Genetic: A genetic defect may promote breakdown of the protective architecture of cartilage. Examples include collagen disturbances such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Neuropathic: Diseases such as diabetes can cause nerve problems. The loss of sensation may affect how the body knows the position and condition of the joints or limbs. In other words, the body can't tell when it is injured.
  • Other: Nutritional problems may cause osteoarthritis.

Risk factors

Factors that may increase your risk of osteoarthritis include:

  • Older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.
  • Sex. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, though it isn't clear why.
  • Obesity. Carrying extra body weight contributes to osteoarthritis in several ways. It puts added stress on weight-bearing joints, such as your hips and knees. In addition, fat tissue produces proteins that may cause harmful inflammation in and around your joints.
  • Joint injuries Injuries, such as those that occur when playing sports or from an accident, may increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
  • Certain occupations If your job includes tasks that place repetitive stress on a particular joint, that joint may eventually develop osteoarthritis.
  • Genetics Some people inherit a tendency to develop osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities Some people are born with malformed joints or defective cartilage, which can increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
  • Other diseases Having diabetes or other rheumatic diseases such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis can increase your risk of osteoarthritis.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Gout

Gout is a rheumatic disease resulting from deposition of uric acid crystals (monosodium urate) in tissues and fluids within the body. This process is caused by an overproduction or under excretion of uric acid. Gout usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis - a red, tender, hot, swollen joint. The metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe is the most commonly affected.

Causes

The crystallization of uric acid, often related to relatively high levels in the blood, is the underlying cause of gout. This can occur for a number of reasons;

  • Diet
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Underexcretion of urate
  • Obesity
  • Certain medications such as diuretics
  • Chronic decreased kidney functions
  • Consumptions of excessive alcohol and beer

Symptoms

  • Gout can present in a number of ways, although the most usual is a recurrent attack of acute inflammatory arthritis (a red, tender, hot, swollen joint).
  • The metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe is affected most often, accounting for half of cases.
  • Joint pain usually begins over 2-4 hours and during the night.
  • Long-standing elevated uric acid levels (hyperuricemia) may result in other symptomatology, including hard, painless deposits of uric acid crystals known as tophi.

Diagnosis

  • Complete blood count
  • Kidney function test
  • Synovial fluid examination
  • X-rays but it has very less utility

Auxillary management

  • Avoid red meat and organ means (liver, tongue and sweetbreads)
  • Avoid shellfish such as shrimp and lobster
  • Avoid sugary beverages
  • Avoid excessive alcohol
  • Maintain physical activity and helathy weight
  • Take plenty amount of water

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Endocrine diseases

The body's endocrine system controls many of the body's most vital functions like regulating thyroid levels, controlling blood sugar, and assisting the digestion of food. It is a complex system that consists of 9 different glands and over 100 different hormones. Any imbalance of disorder of the endocrine system can results in serious medical complications such as diabetes to give just one example. While conventional medicine offers some help in controlling such problems, endocrine disorder alternative treatment in the form of homeopathy is growing in popularity due to its efficacy in helping those with endocrine conditions.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following Endocrine diseases:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid Disorders

Diabetes

Diabetes (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high.

Causes

  • Family history of diabetes or inherited tendency
  • Being overweight (20 percent or more over your desired body weight)
  • Physical stress (such as surgery or illness)
  • Use of certain medications, including steroid and blood pressure medications
  • Injury to pancreas (such as infection, tumor, surgery or accident)
  • Injury to pancreas (such as infection, tumor, surgery or accident)
  • Autoimmune disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
  • Age (risk increases with age)
  • Alcohol (risk increases with years of heavy alcohol use)
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Types

    There are three types of diabetes:

    • Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes) is characterized by a lack of insulin production.
    • Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body's ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
    • Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia that is first recognized during pregnancy.

    Symptoms

    The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes are:

    • Frequent urination
    • Disproportionate thirst
    • Intense hunger
    • Weight gain
    • Unusual weight loss
    • Increased fatigue
    • Irritability
    • Blurred vision
    • Cuts and bruises don't heal properly or quickly
    • More skin and/or yeast infections
    • Itchy skin
    • Gums are red and/or swollen
    • Frequent gum disease/infection
    • Sexual dysfunction (men)
    • Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands

    Complications

    • Eye problems including glaucoma and cataracts
    • Dental problems
    • High blood pressure
    • Heart disease

    Diagnosis

    • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
    • Random blood sugar test
    • Fasting blood sugar test
    • Oral glucose tolerance test

    Treatment

    There is currently no cure for diabetes.

    Homoeopathic Treatment

    Homoeopathy is based on the principle that disease is a total affliction of body. Moreover Homoeopathy recognizes importance of the underlying causes such as genetic and inherited factors as the root of any ailment of the body. homoeopathic medicines prescribed on such criteria plays a crucial role in management of many deep-rooted, chronic, difficult diseases; one amongst them being Diabetes. homoeopathic treatment along with intake of hypoglycemic drugs and/or insulin can prevent the progress and the complications associated with this condition. The role of a healthy diet and exercise cannot be underestimated along with all the above treatment measures.

    Management

    • Healthy eating
    • Regular exercise
    • Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
    • Blood sugar monitoring

Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid is a small gland at the base of your neck that makes thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone controls many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. Diseases of the thyroid cause it to make either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight. Women are more likely than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after menopause. Too much thyroid hormone results

in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, causes your thyroid to make more thyroid hormone than your body needs. This speeds up many of your body's functions, like your metabolism and heart rate.

Causes:

The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is:

  • Graves' disease: The production of too much thyroid hormone
  • Toxic adenomas
  • Subacute thyroiditis
  • Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS:

  • Weight loss, even if you eat the same or more food (most but not all people lose weight)
  • Eating more than usual
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat or pounding of your heart
  • Feeling nervous or anxious
  • Feeling irritable
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trembling in your hands and fingers
  • Increased sweating
  • Feeling hot when other people do not
  • Muscle weakness
  • Diarrhea or more bowel movements than normal
  • Fewer and lighter menstrual periods than normal
  • Changes in your eyes that can include bulging of the eyes, redness, or irritation
  • Hyperthyroidism raises your risk for osteoporosis, a condition that causes weak bones that break easily. In fact, hyperthyroidism might affect your bones before you have any of the other symptoms of the condition. This is especially true of women who have gone through menopause or who are already at high risk of osteoporosis.

Hypothyroidism

This is when your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormones. It is also called underactive thyroid. This slows down many of your body's functions, like your metabolism.

CAUSES:

  • Hyperthyroidism treatment (radioiodine)
  • Radiation treatment of certain cancers
  • Thyroid removal
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis: In this autoimmune disorder, the body attacks thyroid tissue. The tissue eventually dies and stops producing hormones
  • Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide : Cold and sinus medicines, the heart medicine amiodarone, or certain contrast dyes given before some X-rays may expose you to too much iodine.You may be at greater risk for developing hypothyroidism if you have had thyroid problems in the past.
  • Lithium: This drug has also been implicated as a cause of hypothyroidism.

Symptoms :

  • Feeling cold when other people do not
  • Constipation
  • Muscle weakness
  • Weight gain, even though you are not eating more food
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Feeling sad or depressed
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pale, dry skin
  • Dry, thinning hair
  • Slow heart rate
  • Less sweating than usual
  • A puffy face
  • A hoarse voice
  • More than usual menstrual bleeding
  • You also may have high LDL or "bad" cholesterol, which can raise your risk forheart disease.

COMPARISON OF HYPERTHYROIDISM AND HYPOTHYROIDISM:

Hypothyroidism Hyperthyroidism
Weight gain Weight loss
Constipation Diarrhea
Fatigue Fatigue
Hair loss N/A
Depression, “brain fog,” or difficulty
concentrating
Anxiety, difficulty concentrating,
nervousness
Joint pain Muscle weakness
Infertility, missed periods Infertility, missed periods
Miscarriage Miscarriage

WOMEN are more likely than men to have thyroid disease. One in eight women will develop thyroid problems during her lifetime.1 In women, thyroid diseases can cause:

  • Problems with menstrual period. Your thyroid helps control your menstrual cycle. Too much or too little thyroid hormone can make your periods very light, heavy, or irregular. Thyroid disease also can cause your periods to stop for several months or longer, a condition called amenorrhea. If your body's immune system causes thyroid disease, other glands, including your ovaries, may be involved. This can lead to early menopause (before age 40).
  • Problems getting pregnant. When thyroid disease affects the menstrual cycle, it also affects ovulation. This can make it harder for you to get pregnant.
  • Problems during pregnancy. Thyroid problems during pregnancy can cause health problems for the mother and the baby.

Sometimes, symptoms of thyroid problems are mistaken for menopause symptoms. Thyroid disease, especially hypothyroidism, is more likely to develop after menopause.

TREATMENT:

The mainstay of Allopathic system of medicine is to keep providing thyroid hormones artificially for the rest of the life of the patient. The deficient thyroid hormones are supplied on a daily basis. This practice of giving thyroid hormones on a daily basis has some major disadvantages. On the one hand, this forces the patient to keep taking medicines for the whole of their lives. This is not only costly but cumbersome too. At the same time, it breeds a sense of illness in the patient when the medicine is to be taken life long.

DIET:

  • Iodine
  • Vitamin D; Foods that contain some vitamin D include fatty fish, milk, dairy, eggs, and mushrooms. Sunlight also is a potential source, but the amount of vitamin production depends on the season and latitude
  • Vitamin B12; Food sources of B12 include mollusks, sardines, salmon, organ meats such as liver, muscle meat, and dairy. Vegan sources include fortified cereals and nutritional yeast
  • Goitrogens; Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage naturally release a compound called goitrin when they're hydrolyzed, or broken down
  • Exercise

Homoeopathy is the best alternative therapy for thyroid disorders

Keeping the above mentioned drawbacks in mind, people look for some alternative therapies or holistic therapies which can cure them of their problem once and for all. homoeopathic medicines have been known to correct the imbalance in the thyroid hormones in a very mild and subtle manner. The homoeopathic medicines for hypothyroidism are purely natural in origin and have no side effects at all. They are able to improve the functioning of the thyroid gland permanently. Once cured, one has no need to take medicines and can live a disease free as well as medicine free life.

Respiratory Treatment

One of the best ways to treat your respiratory related problem is with homoeopathy. The correct remedy can avert an acute crisis, while ongoing treatment will work to clear the condition completely. Respiratory disorders are amongst the most common diseases one encounters in practice especially in children. Changed life style, food habits which include a lot of preservatives, artificial colors, increasing pollution, compact living have all contributed to an increase in the rate of upper as well as lower respiratory tract problems.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following Respiratory problems:

  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Pneumonia

Asthma

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm. Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

Signs and symptoms

Asthma is characterized by recurrent episodes of:

  • wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • And coughing

Causes

  • Genetic
  • Smoking during and after pregnancy
  • Modernisation of society
  • Certain viral respiratory infections
  • work around chemical fumes, dust or other irritants in the air.

Trigering Factors

  • Excercise
  • Occupation
  • Aspirin
  • Alcohol

Pathophysiology

Asthma is the result of chronic inflammation of the airways which subsequently results in increased contractability of the surrounding smooth muscles.

Diagnosis

  • There is currently no precise test with the diagnosis typically based on the pattern of symptoms and response to therapy over time. A diagnosis of asthma should be suspected if there is a history of: recurrent wheezing, coughing or difficulty breathing and these symptoms occur or worsen due to exercise, viral infections, allergens or air pollution.
  • Methacholine challenge test.
  • Spirometry is then used to confirm the diagnosis.
  • In children under the age of six the diagnosis is more difficult as they re too young for spirometry.

Auxillary Management

  • Avoid the allergens.
  • Avoid cigarrate smoke.
  • Avoid aspirin.
  • Avoid heavy polluted areas.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also known as chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), and chronic obstructive airway disease(COAD), among others, is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by chronically poor airflow. It typically worsens over time. The main symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production. Most people withchronic bronchitis have COPD.

Epidemiology

  1. Sex - Male < Female
  2. Age - > 35 years of age.

Causes

  1. Smoking
  2. Fumes
  3. Dusts
  4. Air pollution
  5. Genetic causes

Symptoms

  1. A long lasting chronic cough
  2. Mucous that comes of when you cough
  3. Breathlessness which get worse when you exercise

Diagnosis

  1. The diagnosis can be made with the sign and symptoms and
  2. Confirmed by breathing tests.

Auxillary management

  1. Pulmonary Rehabilitation
  2. Nutrition

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, more commonly referred to as hay fever, is an inflammation of the nasal passages caused by allergic reaction to airborne substances.
Allergic rhinitis (nasal allergy) is a very common disorder and it affects almost 20% of the population. Allergic rhinitis and sinusitis are linked to each other, because allergic rhinitis causes your nose to become blocked, and in turn blocks the sinuses.

Causes

Allergic rhinitis takes two different forms:

  • Seasonal: Symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis can occur in spring, summer and early fall. They are usually caused by allergic sensitivity to airborne mold spores or to pollens from grass, trees and weeds.
  • Perennial: People with perennial allergic rhinitis experience symptoms year-round. It is generally caused by dust mites, pet hair or dander, cockroaches or mold. Underlying or hidden food allergies rarely cause perennial nasal symptoms.

Symptoms

  • Itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin, or any area
  • Problems with smell
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Symptoms that may develop later include:
  • Stuffy nose (nasal congestion)
  • Coughing
  • Clogged ears and decreased sense of smell
  • Sore throat
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • Puffiness under the eyes
  • Fatigue and irritability
  • Headache

Management

  • During the peak allergic weather use facemask while moving outdoors.
  • Keeping windows closed to prevent pollens and molds from driffting into your home.
  • Wash your hands immediately after petting any animals; wash your clothes after visiting friends with pets.
  • Airconditioning can also help reduce your pollen exposure.
  • Avoid working with compost, raking leaves, or walking through uncut fields.
  • Minimize your early morning activity (between 5 to 10 am) when pollen counts are higher.
  • Reduce indoor humidity to less than 50% using AC and dehumidifiers.
  • Fix water leaks and clean up water damage.
  • Put windows in or otherwise ventilate kitchens, bathrooms and crawl spaces; vent laundry dryers to the outside.
  • Avoid carpets and uphostered furniture.
  • Wash bedding every week in hot water.
  • Keep stuffed toys out of the bedroom.
  • Encase pillows and beds with allergen-proof covers.
  • Many people with allergic rhinitis or hay fever are also allergic to certain foods and may experience symptoms as a result of eating allergy-triggering substances in such foods as eggs, nuts, fish, shellfish, chocolate, dairy products, wheat, citrus fruits, or food colorings or preservatives. Stop eating all the suspected foods.

Treatment

Avoidance of the allergens that are causing the problem is the best treatment.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a breathing (respiratory) condition in which there is an infection of the lung.

Types of Pneumonia

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Fungal pneumonia
  • Parasitic pneumonia
  • Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia

Causes

Germs called bacteria, viruses, and fungi may cause pneumonia. In adults, bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia.

Symptoms of Pneumonia

The most common symptoms of pneumonia are:

  • Cough (with some pneumonias you may cough up greenish or yellow mucus, or even bloody mucus)
  • Fever, which may be mild or high
  • Shaking chills
  • Shortness of breath, which may only occur when you climb stairs

Additional symptoms include:

  • Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating and clammy skin
  • Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue
  • Confusion, especially in older people

Symptoms also can vary, depending on whether your pneumonia is bacterial or viral.

  • In bacterial pneumonia, your temperature may rise as high as 105 degrees F. This pneumonia causes profuse sweating, and rapidly increased breathing and pulse rate. Lips and nailbeds may have a bluish color due to lack of oxygen in the blood. A patient's mental state may be confused or delirious.
  • The initial symptoms of viral pneumonia are the same as influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Within 12 to 36 hours, there is increasing breathlessness; the cough becomes worse and produces a small amount of mucus. There is a high fever and there may be blueness of the lips.

Diagnosis

  • Physical exam: Your doctor will listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. If you have pneumonia, your lungs may make crackling, bubbling, and rumbling sounds when you inhale. You also may be wheezing, and it may be hard to hear sounds of breathing in some areas of your chest.
  • Chest x-ray (if your doctor suspects pneumonia)
  • Some patients may need other tests, including:
    • CBC blood test to check white blood cell count
    • Arterial blood gases to see if enough oxygen is getting into your blood from the lungs
    • CT (or CAT) scan of the chest to see how the lungs are functioning
    • Sputum tests to look for the organism (that can detected by studying your spit) causing your symptoms
    • Pleural fluid culture if there is fluid in the space surrounding the lungs
    • Pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is moving through your bloodstream, done by simply attaching a small clip to your finger for a brief time
    • Bronchoscopy, a procedure used to look into the lungs' airways, which would be performed if you are hospitalized and antibiotics are not working well

Most people can be treated at home by following these steps:

  • Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen secretions and bring up phlegm.
  • Get lots of rest. Have someone else do household chores.
  • Do not take cough medicines without first talking to your doctor. Cough medicines may make it harder for your body to cough up the extra sputum.
  • Control your fever with aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen), or acetaminophen. DO NOT give aspirin to children.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Children Related Disorders

Rj German Homoeopathy is not limited to certain diseases, but is universally applicable to all kinds of diseases in children. Homoeopathy offers an effective alternate to antibiotics in infectious diseases producing no toxic side effects & bringing about rapid recovery. It is time, when parents must be made fully aware of the benefits & the scope of Homoeopathy in various day to day diseases. Homoeopathy should be more & more made available to the benefit of ailing children as it can positively help 90% of the diseases we have today in children.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following Chil diseases problems:

  • Bedwetting
  • Developmental delay
  • Adenoids
  • Tonsillitis

Bedwetting

Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, refers to the unintentional passage of urine during sleep. Enuresis is the medical term for wetting, whether in the clothing during the day or in bed at night. Another name for enuresis is urinary incontinence.
For infants and young children, urination is involuntary. Wetting is normal for them. Most children achieve some degree of bladder control by 4 years of age. Day-time control of the bladder comes before night-time dryness. Most children will be dry through the day by the age of three, and dry at night by school age. It's important to

remember that all children development at different rates, and some children may experience accidents from time to time until the age of 7 or 8.

Types of Bedwetting

There are two types of bedwetting:

  • Primary nocturnal enuresis is a condition in which the person has never remained dry throughout the night for 6 months in a row or longer.
  • Secondary nocturnal enuresis is a condition in which the child has started wetting the bed again after not wetting the bed for 6 months or more. Secondary enuresis is more likely to be caused by a medical problem or psychological condition.

Diurnal enuresis is a condition in which a child cannot hold his or her urine at any time of the day or night. This is more common among younger children.

Causes

  • Genetic factors (it tends to run in families)
  • Difficulties waking up from sleep
  • Stress
  • Slower than normal development of the central nervous system (which reduces the child's ability to stop the bladder from emptying at night)
  • Hormonal factors (not enough antidiuretic hormone is produced, which is the hormone that slows urine production at night)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Abnormalities in the urethral valves in boys or in the ureter in girls or boys
  • Abnormalities in the spinal cord
  • A small bladder

Symptoms

Bedwetting or enuresis is not a disease, so it has no symptoms. For a child who has never had nighttime bladder control for more than 3 months, overcoming this problem is usually a matter of normal growth and development and this can be taken care of with appropriate homoeopathic treatment.
If a child has other symptoms, such as crying or complaining of pain when urinating, sudden strong urges to urinate, or increased thirst, bedwetting may be a symptom of some other medical condition. A child with any of these symptoms should be evaluated by a doctor.

Treatments for bed-wetting

  • Give your child most of his or her fluids in the morning and afternoon.
  • Limit caffeine from chocolate or colas, especially at night.
  • Have your child use the toilet before he or she goes to bed.
  • Let your child help solve the problem, if your child is older than 4. He or she can help decide which treatments to try.
  • Offer your child disposable nighttime underpants. Don't force your child to wear them, but they are fine if your child is comfortable using them.
  • Praise your child for dry nights. Instead of making your child feel ashamed and embarrassed, parents should try to encourage and express confidence in their children that they will eventually out grow this condition. Positive reinforcement would usually work better in trying to stop bed wetting in children.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Develop. Delay

Child development refers to the process in which children go through changes in skill development during predictable time periods, called developmental milestones. Developmental delay occurs when children have not reached these milestones by the expected time period. For example, if the normal range for learning to walk is between 9 and 15 months, and a 20-month-old child has still not begun walking, this would be considered a developmental delay.

Developmental delays can occur in all five areas of development or may just happen in one or more of those areas (to read about the five areas of development, click here). Additionally, growth in each area of development is related to growth in the other areas. So if there is a difficulty in one area (e.g., speech and language), it is likely to influence development in other areas (e.g., social and emotional).

What are the risk factors for developmental delay?
Risk factors for developmental problems fall into two categories:

  • Genetic
  • Environmental

What are the warning signs of a developmental delay?
There are several general "warning signs" of possible delay. These include:
Behavioral Warning Signs

  • Does not pay attention or stay focused on an activity for as long a time as other children of the same age
  • Focuses on unusual objects for long periods of time; enjoys this more than interacting with others
  • Avoids or rarely makes eye contact with others
  • Gets unusually frustrated when trying to do simple tasks that most children of the same age can do
  • Shows aggressive behaviors and acting out and appears to be very stubborn compared with other children
  • Displays violent behaviors on a daily basis
  • Stares into space, rocks body, or talks to self more often than other children of the same age
  • Does not seek love and approval from a caregiver or parent

Gross Motor Warning Signs

  • Has stiff arms and/or legs
  • Has a floppy or limp body posture compared to other children of the same age
  • Uses one side of body more than the other
  • Has a very clumsy manner compared with other children of the same age

Vision Warning Signs

  • Seems to have difficulty following objects or people with her eyes
  • Rubs eyes frequently
  • Turns, tilts or holds head in a strained or unusual position when trying to look at an object
  • Seems to have difficulty finding or picking up small objects dropped on the floor (after the age of 12 months)
  • Has difficulty focusing or making eye contact
  • Closes one eye when trying to look at distant objects
  • Eyes appear to be crossed or turned
  • Brings objects too close to eyes to see
  • One or both eyes appear abnormal in size or coloring

Hearing Warning Signs

  • Talks in a very loud or very soft voice
  • Seems to have difficulty responding when called from across the room, even when it is for something interesting
  • Turns body so that the same ear is always turned toward sound
  • Has difficulty understanding what has been said or following directions after once she has turned 3 years of age
  • Doesn't startle to loud noises
  • Ears appear small or deformed
  • Fails to develop sounds or words that would be appropriate at her age

How is a developmental delay identified?
Developmental delay is identified through two types of play-based assessments:

  • Developmental Screening
  • Developmental Evaluation

Early Intervention Is Key

Less than half of children with developmental delays are identified before starting school.
There are studies that are now reporting that children who have intervention early do better than children who do not have an intervention,

Appropriate interventions include:

  • Physical therapy for gross motor delays
  • Occupational therapy for fine motor delays
  • Hearing evaluation and speech therapy for language delays
  • Special preschool programs for children with autism spectrum disorders and other delays

How Parents Can Help

The experts we spoke with suggest the following tips for encouraging your child's development:

Gross Motor Skills

  • Place infants on their tummies while awake to develop neck and back muscles
  • Create a safe home environment and put babies on the floor to explore
  • Give older children time outside where they can run and jump

Fine Motor Skills

  • Provide toys with different textures that encourage babies to explore with their fingers
  • Provide age-appropriate puzzles, blocks, paper, and crayons
  • Encourage older babies to feed themselves

Language Skills

  • Play music for newborns to stimulate hearing
  • Talk to your child
  • Read to your child
  • Name objects as you point to pictures in a book

Social Interaction

  • Laugh and smile with your baby
  • Limit television and play with your child

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Adenoids

Adenoids are part of the immune system, which helps fight infection and protects the body from bacteria and viruses. Adenoids are only present in children. They start to grow from birth and are biggest when your child is approximately three to five years old. But by age seven to eight they start to shrink and by the late teens, are barely visible. By adulthood, the adenoids will have disappeared completely.

Causes

  • Infections
  • Allergies

Symptoms

  • Mouth breathing
  • Restlessness during sleep
  • Snoring
  • Episodes of sleep apnea
  • Episodes of Frequent ear pain and
  • Ear infection

Diagnosis

  • The adenoids cannot be seen by looking in the mouth directly.
  • Endoscopy.
  • X-ray of throat and neck.
  • Sleep study.

Auxillary management

  • Gargle with warm plain water.
  • Give proper rest to your throat.
  • Take honey with lemon juice.
  • Steam inhalation (if the child is old enough).
  • Take adequate amount of water.

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of the tonsils most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infection. Tonsillitis is common, especially in children. The condition can occur occasionally or recur frequently.

Causes

Bacterial and viral infections can cause tonsillitis. A common cause is Streptococcus (strep) bacteria. Other common causes include:

  • Adenoviruses
  • Influenza virus
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Parainfluenza viruses
  • Enteroviruses
  • Herpes simplex virus

Symptoms of Tonsillitis

The main symptoms of tonsillitis are inflammation and swelling of the tonsils, sometimes severe enough to block the airways. Other symptoms include:

  • Throat pain or tenderness
  • Redness of the tonsils
  • A white or yellow coating on the tonsils
  • Painful blisters or ulcers on the throat
  • Hoarseness or loss of voice
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing through the mouth
  • Swollen glands in the neck or jaw area
  • Fever, chills
  • Bad breath

In children, symptoms may also include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain

Treatment for Tonsillitis

A mild case of tonsillitis does not necessarily require treatment, particularly if it is caused by a virus, such as a cold.
Treatments for more severe cases of tonsillitis may include:

  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics will be prescribed to fight a bacterial infection. It is important that you complete the full course of antibiotics. Your doctor may want you to schedule a follow-up visit to ensure that the medication was effective.
  • Tonsillectomy: Surgery to remove the tonsils is called a tonsillectomy. This was once a very common procedure. However, tonsillectomies today are only recommended for people who experience repeated tonsillitis, tonsillitis that does not respond to other treatment, or tonsillitis that causes complications.

Home Care Tips to Ease a Sore Throat

  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Get lots of rest.
  • Gargle with warm salt water several times a day.
  • Use throat lozenges. (Throat lozenges can be a choking hazard for very young children.)
  • Use a humidifier to moisten the air in your home.
  • Avoid smoke.
  • Use over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. (Aspirin can be dangerous for children. Always check with your doctor before giving aspirin to children.)

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Gastrointestinal Disorders

The natural homoeopathic remedies for stomach and digestive problems are not only of great help in getting rid of stomach problems but also eliminate the root cause of the digestive disorders. The homoeopathic treatment is completely safe with zero side effects and proves to be of immense benefit in the long run.

Homoeopathy is effective in dealing with following Gastrointestinal diseases problems:

  • Constipation
  • Inflammatory
  • PUD
  • Piles
  • Gastro-esophageal Reflux

Constipation

Constipation refers to the infrequent or difficult passing of stool. It is the most common digestive complaint yet, is treated as a symptom, and not a disease by itself. The frequency of bowel movement, among healthy people, varies greatly ranging from three movements a day to three times a week. If more than three days pass without bowel movement the condition gains clinical significance. During such time, the intestinal contents may harden, and a person may experience difficulty or even pain during defecation.

Causes: Constipation is most often caused by:

  1. Low-fiber diet
  2. Lack of physical activity
  3. Not drinking enough water
  4. Delay in going to the bathroom when you have the urge to move your bowels Stress and travel can also contribute to constipation or other changes in bowel habits.

Other causes of constipation may include:

  1. Colon cancer
  2. Diseases of the bowel, such as irritable bowel syndrome
  3. Mental health disorders
  4. Nervous system disorders
  5. Pregnancy
  6. Underactive thyroid
  7. Use of certain medications

Constipation in children often occurs if they hold their bowel movements. This may happen when the child is not ready for toilet training or is afraid of it.

Symtoms

  1. Hard, compacted stools that are difficult or painful to pass
  2. Straining during bowel movements
  3. No bowel movements in three days
  4. Stomach aches that are relieved by bowel movements
  5. Bloody stools due to haemorrhoids and anal fissures
  6. Leaks of wet, almost diarrhoea-like stool between regular bowel movements.

Complications of constipation

  1. In the long-term, constipation can cause dry, hard poo to collect in the rectum, called faecal impaction.
  2. Leakage of liquid stools is also possible, called faecal incontinence.
  3. Straining on the toilet and constipation can also lead to piles, another name for haemorrhoids.

Treatment

  1. All cases will require dietary advice. Treatment may be difficult, particularly in those with chronic constipation.
  2. The doctor may prescribe bulk-forming agents in addition to dietary changes.
  3. Increased activity in the elderly and regular exercise in younger people will help.

Inflammatory Bowel

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not a single condition. It is the term for a group of disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract.
The digestive tract is composed of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. It is responsible for breaking down food, extracting the nutrients, and removing any unusable material and waste products.
Inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract disrupts this normal process.
Inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract disrupts this normal process. This can be very painful. In some cases, IBD can even be life threatening.

Types

  • Ulcerative colitis - Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum.
  • Crohn's disease - Crohn's disease is an IBD that cause inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract. In Crohn's disease, inflammation often spreads deep into affected tissues. The inflammation can involve different areas of the digestive tract — the large intestine, small intestine or both.

Causes

The exact causes of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are unclear. It's thought that several factors may play a part, such as:

  • Genetics – there is evidence that you are more likely to develop IBD if you have a close relative with the condition.
  • Disruption to the immune system (the body's defence against infection) – inflammation may be caused by the immune system attacking healthy tissue inside the digestive system while fighting off a virus or bacteria.
  • Stress — feeling mentally or emotionally tense, troubled, angry, or overwhelmed—can stimulate colon spasms in people with IBS.

Symptoms

  • Diarrhea or rectal urgency. Some people may have diarrhea 10 to 20 times a day. The urge to go to the bathroom may wake you up at night.
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Blood in stool
  • Reduced appetite
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness

IBD can also have symptoms unrelated to the gastrointestinal tract, including

  • Joint pain
  • Skin rashes
  • Eye pain
  • Mouth sores
  • Fever

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is usually confirmed by biopsy on colonoscopy. In children fecal calprotectin is useful.

Allopathic Treatment

There is currently no cure for ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Dietary Advice

  • Have regular meals and take time to eat.
  • Avoid missing meals or leaving long gaps between eating.
  • Drink at least eight cups of fluid per day, especially water or other non-caffeinated drinks, for example herbal teas.
  • Restrict tea and coffee to three cups per day.
  • Reduce intake of alcohol and fizzy drinks.
  • Reduce intake of 'resistant starch' (starch that resists digestion in the small intestine and reaches the colon intact), which is often found in processed or re-cooked foods.
  • Limit fresh fruit to three portions per day (a portion should be approximately 80 gm).
  • People with diarrhea should avoid sorbitol, an artificial sweetener found in sugar-free sweets (including chewing gum) and drinks, and in some diabetic and slimming products.
  • People with wind and bloating may find it helpful to eat oats such as oat-based breakfast cereal or porridge.

Prevention

  • Avoid alcoholic drinks
  • Quit smoking
  • Reduce stress levels, in fact avoid taking stress
  • Move your diet routine to 5 small meals a day
  • Avoid fried food and red meat
  • Do yoga, meditation

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD), also known as a peptic ulcer or stomach ulcer, is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine, or occasionally the lower esophagus. Peptic ulcer is combined term used for gastric and duodenal ulcer.

Causes

  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Use of NSAIDs like ibuprofen, aspirin etc
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Stress

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain strongly corelated with meal time.
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Waterbrash
  • Change in appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Hematemesis
  • Malena

Complications

  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Perforation
  • Gastric outlet obstruction

Diagnosis

  • The diagnosis is mainly established based on the characteristic symptoms.
  • Endoscopy
  • Barium contrast X-rays

Auxillary management

  • Do not eat right before bedtime.
  • Eat small, frequent meals.
  • Do not take green or black tea or coffee.
  • Donot take cocoa or cola drinks.
  • Donot take Grape or orange juices.
  • Donot take drinks that contains alcohol.
  • Donot take whole milk or chocolate milk.
  • Donot take black or red pepper.

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Piles

Hemorrhoids (or hemroids) are also known as piles. Hemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum. They are either inside the anus or under the skin around the anus. Hemorrhoids are very common in both men and women. This common problem can be painful, but it's usually not serious.

Types

  • Internal hemorrhoids occur just inside the anus, at the beginning of the rectum. When they are large they may fall outside (prolapse). The most common problem with internal hemorrhoids is bleeding during bowel movements.
  • External hemorrhoids occur outside the anus. They can result in difficulty cleaning the area after a bowel movement. If a blood clot forms in an external hemorrhoid, it can be very painful (thrombosed external hemorrhoid).

Causes

  • Chronic constipation
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Jobs requiring heavy lifting
  • Standing or sitting for long periods.
  • Straining from constipation or diarrhea.
  • Coughing, sneezing, vomiting, and holding one's breath while straining to do physical labor.
  • Congestion of liver leading to increased hepato portal hypertension.
  • Genetics - some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids.
  • Anal intercourse
  • Low-fiber diet

Symptoms

Common symptoms include:

  • Painless bright red blood from the rectum
  • Anal itching
  • Anal ache or pain, especially while sitting
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • One or more hard tender lumps near the anus
  • Leakage of feces

Diagnosis

Tests that may help diagnose the problem include:

  • Digital rectal exam
  • Sigmoidoscopy

Complications

  • Anemia - Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia, in which you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells. This may result in fatigue and weakness.
  • Strangulated hemorrhoid - If blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may be "strangulated," which can cause extreme pain and lead to tissue death (gangrene).

Treatment

Surgical Treatment

  • Hemorrhoid removal - Hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective and complete way to treat severe or recurring hemorrhoids. Complications may include temporary difficulty emptying your bladder and urinary tract infections associated with this problem.
  • Hemorrhoid stapling - This procedure, called stapled hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy, blocks blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue. Stapling generally involves less pain than hemorrhoidectomy and allows an earlier return to regular activities.

Homoeopathic Treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Prevention

Constipation, straining during bowel movements, and sitting on the toilet too long raise your risk for hemorrhoids. To prevent constipation and hemorrhoids, you should:

  • Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
  • Eat a high-fiber diet of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Consider using fiber supplements.
  • Use stool softeners to prevent straining.
  • Exercise

Gastro-esophageal Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), gastric reflux disease,acid reflux disease, or reflux (in babies and young children) is a chronic symptom of mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus.

Causes:

GERD is caused by a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter.
Factors that can contribute to GERD:

  • Hiatal hernia
  • Obesity
  • Zollinger- Ellison syndrome
  • High blood calcium level
  • Scleroderma or systemic sclerosis
  • Use of some medicine like prednisolone

Signs and symptoms

In adults in may present as:

  • Heart burn and regurgitation
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Increased salivation
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain while coughing

In children it may present as:

  • Repeated vomiting
  • Effortless spitting up
  • Coughing and other respiratory symptoms such as:
    • Wheezing
    • Inconsolable crying
    • Refusing food
    • Crying for food and then pulling off bottle.
  • Failure to gain adequate weight
  • Bad breath
  • Belching and burping

Diagnosis

  • The diagnosis of GERD is usually made when typical symptoms are present.
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • Esophageal pH monitoring

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own ability to heal. In any case of disease a prescription is based on the totality of symptoms expressed by the patient ie., physical, mental and emotional. A single remedy, exhibiting similar symptoms, is then introduced to the body which then triggers and initiates the healing process.

Auxillary management

  • Avoid eating before lying.
  • Avoid coffee, alcohol, chocolate, fatty foods, acidic foods, and spicy foods.
  • Weight loss is recommended in obese people.
  • Elevate the head of the bed.
  • Avoid vigorous exercise but moderate exercise is recommended.
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